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History

Dum Dum Municipality was formed in the year 1929 with 3.11sq Km of area. The then British Government used this area as their military base and cantonment area. After independence people from Bihar, UP, Orissa and erstwhile East Pakistan occupied the place vacated by cantonment board. In the year 1999 Govt. of West Bengal desired expansion of DumDum Municipality and as a result adjoining rural areas of Sultanpur Gram Panchayats( I and II), Ward Number 1 and 4 (part) of South Dum Dum municipality and part of airport area incorporated in DDM leaving its present area of approximately 9.73 sq Km (approx).

From the year of formation, DDM has had some important industrial sector like the Jessop & Co., Ordinance Factory. Later HMV (renamed as SARE GAMA) added one more feather of industrial crown of this Municipality. Heritage structures like Dum Dum Central Jail and monuments of Ordinance Factory are also places of interest. The municipality has one women’s college namely Sarojoni Naidu College, four numbers of large playgrounds with some water bodies and parks, the scenic beauty of which are not negligible.

Dum Dum municipality is the metro terminus resulting a record population growth. Further it is the gateway not only of this state but also of the country due to Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport.

Location of Municipality

Dum Dum municipality is the metro terminus situated on the National Highway 34, about 6Km from Kolkata which intersects the municipality. On the west side Sealdah-Bongaon railway line makes the border and whereas it is separated with North Dum Dum Municipality through newly constructed Belgharia Expressway, the road which will access to the 3rd Hoogly bridge and connects rest of the country. South Dum Dum Municipality is the southern part of this Municipality.

Area of Municipality

After delimitation of municipal area in the year 1999 the area of Dum Dum Municipality was determined as approximately 9.73 sq Km but as per the Total Station survey conducted it revealed the area to be 5.20 sq. Km.

Population of Municipality

As per census 1991, Dum Dum Municipality had an area of 3.11sq. Km. and the then population were 40961. After delimitation in 1999 and according to census 2001 the population of DDM is now 101296. It is apparent from the census figures that DDM has experienced a huge population growth of about 147% and in absolute number it has increased by 60,335.

As per census 2011, DDM is having population of 1, 18,345 which means there is an increase of population 17,049 against 2001 census population. This comes to decadal growth of 16.83%.

Population density of this town is 22,759 per sq. km against 10,411 per sq km as per 2001 census when the area of DDM was considered as 9.73 sq km which is revealed presently as 5.20 sq km through Total Station Survey result.

Climate & Rainfall

Dum Dum experiences humid climate about eight months starting from early summer i.e. from middle of March till the early November. Though there are six seasons but the people experience the domination of three main seasons – summer, monsoon and winter. Summer starts from the middle of March and remains till the mid June with temperatures varying from min of 26 degrees – 28 degrees to a maximum of 38 degrees – 40 degrees Celsius. Early summer often fetches thunder storm and rain. Monsoon starts from the middle of June and reigns till the mid October. The average rainfall is about 120mm. The winter starts from middle of November and lasts up to the end of February with temperatures varying from a minimum of 10 degrees – 14 degrees to a maximum of 25 degrees – 28 degrees Celsius

Topography & Rainfall

Dum Dum experiences humid climate about eight months starting from early summer i.e. from middle of March till the early November. Though there are six seasons but the people experience the domination of three main seasons – summer, monsoon and winter. Summer starts from the middle of March and remains till the mid June with temperatures varying from min of 26 degrees – 28 degrees to a maximum of 38 degrees – 40 degrees Celsius. Early summer often fetches thunder storm and rain. Monsoon starts from the middle of June and reigns till the mid October. The average rainfall is about 120mm. The winter starts from middle of November and lasts up to the end of February with temperatures varying from a minimum of 10 degrees – 14 degrees to a maximum of 25 degrees – 28 degrees Celsius

Existing Land Use

Dum Dum Municipality has an area of 5.20 sq.km. with 22 wards. Due to its location the major features of the trend include a massive pace of urbanization, conversion of available open private land to residential areas. Dum Dum Municipality undertook a survey to understand existing land use pattern and found out that around 39% land is used as residential, 12% industry, 19% public and semi public offices or religious places, 4% as water bodies, 8% as parks and open spaces and the remaining 5% as slums. There may be some enhancements in percentage in terms of land use pattern in the areas of residential and industry due to passage of time.

The growth of urbanization in the added areas is fast engulfing open spaces and water bodies. All the existing water bodies, parks and playground are strictly conserved as per the standing legislation of the state.

Administrative Setup

Dum Dum Municipality consists of 22 wards under jurisdiction of Dum Dum police station. Board of councilors headed by chairman is the overall policy maker. Vice chairman and Chairman-in-Council members aid the chairman to implement the decision taken by the board of councilors. Govt. officials like Executive Officer and Finance Officer help the chairman to control administrative and financial functionaries respectively. Municipal top level officers like Health Officer, Medical Officers and Assistant Engineer supervise public health system and engineering jobs. At present the Chairman is also supported by an AFC, an ITC, an Urban Planner (presently vacant) in the areas of accounting & financial management, all kinds of IT-oriented activities and Urban planning respectively. The municipality has also provided space to State Fire Service in its premises where Dum Dum fire station functions

Industry

Dum Dum Municipality has an area of 5.20 sq.km. with 22 wards. Due to its location the major features of the trend include a massive pace of urbanization, conversion of available open private land to residential areas. Dum Dum Municipality undertook a survey to understand existing land use pattern and found out that around 39% land is used as residential, 12% industry, 19% public and semi public offices or religious places, 4% as water bodies, 8% as parks and open spaces and the remaining 5% as slums. There may be some enhancements in percentage in terms of land use pattern in the areas of residential and industry due to passage of time.

The growth of urbanization in the added areas is fast engulfing open spaces and water bodies. All the existing water bodies, parks and playground are strictly conserved as per the standing legislation of the state.

 

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